Friday, 11 April 2014

Clinical Friday - news briefs from the medical journals

An outbreak of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Changchun in 2013 affected more than 1125 children and was caused by Coxsackievirus A6 researchers report. They say the finding of a different causative strain means that vaccination against enterovirus EV71 will not solve the millions of cases of the disease in China every year.

More than 80% of elderly people in Beijing are infected with the stomach bug Helicobacter pylori that predisposes to ulcers and gastric cancer, a study has found. The infection rate with the more pathogenic type 1 H. pylori strain was 56%, researchers found.

Patients with H7N9 influenza living in rural areas were more likely to be female and caught the infection from backyard poultry breeding, a study from Zhejiang has shown.

Heart failure has a poor prognosis in China with 40% patients dying within four years if they have chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, a study from the National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases and Peking Union Medical College shows.

More than one in ten patients attending China's overcrowded hospitals leave without being seen, a study has found. Patients who left without waiting for treatment tended to have less serious illness and have arrived on foot, according to researchers from the Department of Emergency Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu.

Uric acid may have a role in hypertension, according to researchers from Xinjiang. In a study of 3778 children and adolescents they found that increasing levels of serum uric acid were associated with high blood pressure.

The most common forms of cancer in China are lung cancer (20.5%), stomach (11%), colorectal (10%) and liver cancer (10%) according to new figures from the National Central Cancer Registry.

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