Sunday, 2 February 2014

China medical news for Sunday 2 February

Cosmetic procedures a high risk for hepatitis C
Chinese people are more likely to contract hepatitis C from a cosmetic and beauty treatments than from medical procedures or blood transfusion, a study from Jilin shows.
Researchers found that hepatitis C rates had increased rapidly in Yanbian, Jilin, more than doubling from  2007 to 2011. Unexpectedly, they found that cosmetic treatments conferred the higest risk - almost five fold higher than control groups. Having someone esle in the family with HCV was also a high risk for infection, presumably through sexual transmission between spouses, the researchers said. Writing in PLOS One, the researchers for the Capital Medical University, Beijing, said cosmetic treatments had become popular in recent years and there was a risk of viral infection with procedures that broke the skin such as shaving and ear piercing.

Atherosclerosis defined in stroke
Intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) is the most common vascular lesion in patients with cerebrovascular disease in China, a study  has shown. Researchers at the Tiantan Hospital in Beijing assessed 2864 consecutive patients who experienced an acute cerebral ischemia and found the prevalence of ICAS was 47%. Patients with ICAS had more severe stroke at admission and stayed longer in hospitals compared with those without intracranial stenosis. According to the study in Stroke, after 12 months, recurrent stroke occurred in 3.3% of patients with no stenosis, in 3.8% for those with 50% to 69% stenosis, in 5.2% for those with 70% to 99% stenosis, and in 7.3% for those with total occlusion.

STI risk high for men who visit prostitutes
Men who have unprotected sex with prostitutes are at high risk of HIV and syphilis, Guangxi research has shown. A study of more than 100 men who visited prostitutes found a high rate of unprotected sex (84%). The overall prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C and syphilis was 1.9%, 1.0% and 18.4%, respectively, according to the study published in Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Parasite problems on the Tibetan plateau
Worm parasites are an endemic problem for Tibetans, especially nomadic herders, a study has found.
Echinococcosis affects more than 380,000 people on the Tibet-Qinghai plateua, is spread by dogs and cattle, and is often picked up from drinking groundwater, according to a study by Chinese researchers. Those most at risk include the old and female in particular. Writing in Infectious Diseases of Poverty, the researchers said control of the parasites should focus on deworming both owned and stray dogs and health education activities n Tibetan language.

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