Monday, 20 January 2014

China's medical news headlines for Monday 20th January

Prenatal tests for syphilis needed
Syphilis and HIV are relatively common infections among pregnant women in China and therefore  prenatal screening programs should include syphilis as well as HIV tests to prevent many more adverse pregnancy outcomes, researhers have suggested.
Their study in Sexually Transmitted Diseases of 20,000 pregnant women  found a 0.07% prevalence for HIV and 0.25% for syphilis; 10% of HIV-positives were coinfected with syphilis.

Shigella common in Jiangsu
Rates of Shigella infection are high in Jiangsu, especially in the more remote far southwestern and northwestern areas of the province, a study shows. Risk factors were not washing hands before dinner and not having access to a safe water source, suggesting that improvements in sanitation and hygiene are needed, researchers said in PLOS One.

Dementia risk high for Chinese women
Mild cognitive impairment is relatively common in elderly Chinese, a study in Xi’an, has found. The survey of 815 people, 60 years and older found that 145 had mild cognitive impairment, giving an overall prevalence of 18.5%. The rates were higher in women (20%) than for men (15%). For women, the risk factors were lower level of educational and lack of religious attendance. "Different preventative measures should be adopted to delay or reverse cognitive impairment among  older men and women," the study authors from the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an, said.

Clinical research gets a big boost by Chinese government
China has greatly increased its medical research capacity, according to Zhe Yang, Deputy Director-General for the Department of Science and Technology for Social Development, Ministry of Science and Technology in the Lancet this week. China increased its scientific research by 20% annually for the last five years and set up 13 National Clinical Research Centres in areas such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, neurological disease, respiratory disease, chronic kidney disease, and metabolic disorders

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