Wednesday, 13 November 2013

China medical news roundup for Wednesday 13 November

China alliance hopes to boost vaccine access

Eleven civic societies, including the China Medical Association, the China Medical Doctor Association, and the China Medical Women's Association, launched the China Alliance for Vaccines & Immunization on Friday to enhance Chinese and foreign children's access to vaccinations.
Despite tremendous progress in immunizing children worldwide, more than 20 million children do not receive essential vaccines globally, according to the World Health Organization.
China has a unique role to play in supporting global immunization efforts, said Lei Zhenglong, deputy director of the Bureau of Disease Prevention and Control at National Health and Family Planning Commission.
“Immunization requires continuous commitment and there are still challenges that we need to address for China’s immunization program”, he said, adding that immunization needs a joint effort beyond just government.
“Civic societies can leverage their diversity and flexibility to play a bigger role in the future,” he noted.
The alliance includes community organizations, professional associations, academic institutions and organizations representing affected population groups and will work to cultivate greater partnership in China and other countries, said Cheng Feng, vice-president of the Global Health Strategies initiative.
“The global community has a responsibility to reach all children, everywhere, with the vaccines they need, and China is an important part of such efforts,” he said.
Given its experience and expertise in immunization, China has an opportunity to draw from its success and help the world achieve goals for universal access to immunization, he added.
The alliance will also explore opportunities to promote the adoption of quality and affordable vaccines made in China, he said.
Last month, the first Chinese-made vaccine achieved WHO pre-qualification and met international standards for quality, safety and efficacy.
That status allows the Chinese manufacturer to sell its vaccine against Japanese encephalitis to international agencies to be used in low-income countries.
Source: China Daily

Infectious diseases kill 1200 Chinese a month

A total of 1,272 people died of infectious diseases on the Chinese mainland in October, the National Health and Family Planning Commission announced on Monday.
A total of 549,135 infectious disease cases were reported on the Chinese mainland last month, it said.
Among them, five cases of cholera were reported, but none resulted in death. Plague and cholera are categorized as Class A infectious diseases, the most serious category.
In addition, about 285,020 cases were identified as Class B infectious diseases. Hepatitis, tuberculosis, syphilis, dysentery and gonorrhea accounted for 95 percent of the cases in this category, the statement said.
It added that category C infectious diseases claimed 10 lives in October, with foot-and-mouth disease, infectious diarrhea and mumps reported most frequently.
Source: Xinhua

China’s family planning policy has improved child and maternal health 

On the 40th anniversary of China population control program, National Health and Family Planning Commission spokesman Mao Qun-an said family planning had reduced population growth by 400 million people, greatly reducing stress on environment and society.
Family planning has ensured our rapid population growth has been effectively controlled, he said. China's birth rate has fallen from 33% in 1970 to 12% in 2012, half of the world average. Over the same period, women's total fertility rate dropped from 5.8 in 1970 to 1.6, reaching the same level of developed countries.
"China's population reproduction pattern has changed from a traditional high birth rate and infant mortality to a low birth rate and low infant mortality, Mao said.
Family planning effectively alleviated the pressure of population on resources and the environment. 
If we had not implemented our family planning policy, China's population would by now have reached 1.7 to 1.8 billion, with a higher pressure on arable land, grain, water resources and energy,” he added.
Family planning also improved womens’ and childrens’ health and improved child development, Mao said. The policy improved prenatal and postnatal care, reproductive health services, universal adolescent sexual and reproductive health knowledge, and protected baby girl survival as well as promoting development rights and gender equality.
China had achieved outstanding results in terms of maternal and infant mortality, with mortality rates dropping significantly from 80 and 50 per 100,000 in 1991 to 24.5 and 10.3 per 100,000.
"The success of China's family planning practices, has ensured that the world 7,000,000,000 Population Day has been postponed for five years," said Mao. China family planning policy set an example for other developing countries to address population and development issues, and established China as a responsible populous country.
Source: Xinhua 

Two out of three Chinese don’t trust doctors

According to a survey published on Tuesday, 67 percent of people do not trust doctors' professional diagnosis and treatment
The survey, which sampled 252,283 people and was conducted by the survey center of the China Youth Daily, also showed that more than 87 percent of respondents expected to rebuild doctor-patient trust following recent assaults on medical workers in China..
Some 30.4 percent of respondents attribute current medical disputes to a lack of public welfare services, which should be provided by public hospitals, and 27.4 percent said negative news reports worsened such disputes, according to the survey.
Other reasons ranging from uneven distribution of medical resources, intensive physical workload, and the knowledge gap between patients and doctors are blamed for the loss of doctor-patient trust, the survey said.
On Oct 25, a doctor was stabbed to death and two others injured by a dissatisfied patient at a hospital in East China's Zhejiang province.
In the same week, a doctor in Guangzhou, capital of South China's Guangdong province, was beaten up by a patient's family members.
Violence against medical staff is on the rise, according to a previous sample survey by the Chinese Hospital Association conducted from Dec 2012 to July 2013.
The annual average number of assaults on doctors per hospital increased from 20.6 in 2008 to 27.3 in 2012, according to the survey, which polled staff and patients at 316 hospitals.
"Courses in medical colleges focus more on medical techniques, but there are few courses on communication," Wang Zhong, vice-head of Tsinghua University Hospital, was quoted by the newspaper as saying, adding that inadequate communication is the root of a majority of medical disputes.
Wang said that the assault of medical staff destroys hospital order and should be curbed and condemned as it brings panic to doctors, which ultimately results in decreased service by doctors.
Chinese Vice-Premier Liu Yandong pledged to curb assaults on medical workers at a meeting last week, noting that the government will launch a year-long campaign to enhance security arrangements at hospitals and improve coordination between hospitals and police.
Source: China Daily

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