Friday, 15 February 2013

Journal watch China

China has 1.5 million people disabled in road traffic accidents, or one in a thousand, according to a survey conducted by physicians published in the Journal of Public Health.

The high levels of air pollution recently seen in Chinese cities such as Beijing will increase deaths from strokes, according to research at Fudan University, Shanghai. Published in the journal Stroke, a study  carried out in eight Chinese cities found that for every 10 μg/m3 increase in  outdoor air pollution (particulate matter <10 μm in aerodynamic diameter, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide) there is a 1.5% increase of stroke mortality.

Anaemia in pregnancy is causing mental retardation in Chinese children, according to a study from western China. The two year follow-up of 850 children born to women who took part in a trial of prenatal folic acid and iron supplementation in western rural China found that children whose mothers had iron deficiency anaemia in the third trimester showed a significantly lower mental development index at 12, 18, and 24 months of age. However, prenatal supplementation with sufficient iron protects child development even when the woman’s anaemia is not fully reversed, the study published in Pediatrics shows.

Sexually transmitted infections are common in prostitutes, a study of more than 3000 sex workers in eight Chinese cities has found. According to the findings published in the journal BMC Public Health, the overall prevalence rates of HIV, syphilis, gonnorheoa and chlamydia were 0.26%, 6.5%, 5.9% and 17%, respectively.

Toxic fungi are present in drinking water supplies in in Xiamen, a study  has shown. Analysis of water samples from four parts of the city found that the mycotoxigenic fungi Fusarium sp., Exophiala sp., and Phialophora sp were present in "with high frequency" in samples. " Some detected strains may directly cause human health problems," say the researchers from Xiamen University.

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