Monday, 18 February 2013

Chinese medical news from the journals

Almost one in three Staphylococcus aureus strains found in humans by Yangzhou researchers were methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), with most being hospital-acquired MRSA. The superbugs were also found in food and animal samples. Writing in the journal Foodborne Pathogens and Diseases, the researchers say infection with multidrug-resistant MRSA strains acquired from food, animal, and human sources might also become a significant problem for human medicine.

One in four Chinese people with epilepsy has poor adherence to their anti-epilepsy medication and 70% have only moderate compliance, a new study shows. The reasons for nonadherence included forgetfulness (54%), being seizure-free for a period (49%), and fear of adverse drug effects (28%).
Epilepsy and Behavior.

Rotovirus and norovirus are the two most common causative agents for diarrhoea and vomiting in Chinese infants, a study from southeastren China has found. Rotovirus tended to cause more prolonged, frequent and severe illness and the viruses were seasonal, the study published in Pediatrics Infectious Diseases journal showed.

Smoking is a major risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, especially in obese people, a Shanghai study has found. People who smoked and had a high BMI had a nine-fold higher risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, their study in the Journal of Epidemiology showed. Passive smoking was also associated with a  25% increased risk of the disease, say researchers from the Key Laboratory for Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases of Ministry of Health, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine.

China has made progress in the prevention and control of major non-communicable diseases but there are still large action gaps in the fight against epidemic non-communicable diseases according to members of the Subcommittee of the Non-Communicable Diseases, the Expert Committee on Disease Control and Prevention established by China’s Ministry of Health.
Global Health Action.

Chinese people who have a more varied diet and especially a diet rich in fruit have a much reduced risk of bladder cancer, a study in Cancer Causes and Control shows

Type 2 diabetes is associated with the increased risk of  liver cancer within five years after diagnosis in Chinese population, researchers at the State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes and the Department of Epidemiology, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine have shown.  Writing in Annals of Oncology, they say the finding suggests that hyperinsulinaemia rather than hyperglycaemia is more likely to be a primary mediator for this association.

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