Monday, 31 December 2012

Clinical news from China: Journal Watch

Researchers from Shandong University identify the enteroviruses responsible for  causing hand foot and mouth diesease in children (PLOS One).

About 60% of children have high levels of pyrethroid insecticides in the blood, possibly because of the use of mosquito repellants, according to a study by researchers from Fudan University, Shanghai. (Chemosphere).

Water supplies and soil near farms in China contain high levels of antibiotics such as sulfonamides, tetracyclines, fluroquinolones, macrolides and trimethoprim, a study from the Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry has found. (Science of the Total Environment).

The diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease can be differentiated from essential tremor in Chinese patients by assessing sense of smell and ultrasound abnormalities of the substantia nigra, say researchers from the Department of Neurology at Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai. (Translational Neurodegeneration).

Cryptococcal meningitis is relatively uncommon but highly fatal disease in China, according to researchers from Shijiazhuang. They say clinicians should consider the infection as a potential cause for pediatric meningitis in children, particularly boys from rural areas, who have had contact with birds/bird droppings or saprophytes and in children who did not receive prompt medical attention.
(BMC Infectious Diseases).

Central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections are more likely to occur in intensive care patients who have multiple lines and in those who have already been treated with antibiotics prior to having a line inserted, a study from the Chinese Medical University in Shenyang has found. (Journal of Critical Care).

Honey from Zhejiang contains toxic levels of arsenic, a study conducted by the Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou has found. (Food and Chemical Toxicology).

Some men with HIV in China have antibody responses that neutralise a wide range of HIV subtypes, suggesting it may be possible to develop a ‘broad spectrum’ anti-HIV vaccine.
(PLOS One).

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