Thursday, 15 November 2012

Health minister launches China's GP training program


2012 will be the first year of formal implementation of general practitioners standardised training system. At a meeting of the national medical education reform work conference, Health Minister Chen Zhu pointed out that the cultivation of high-quality GPs is a priority for the current reform of medical education and medical and health system. The establishment and implementation of the GP training system will be at the core of the new reform of medical education.
  Currently qualified GPs are in very short supply. Of the General Medical Register, GPs account for only 8 million practitioners, accounting for 4.3% of the total number of practicing physicians. Of great importance to the the grassroots health of countries and regions,  GPs generally account for more than a third or half of the total number of physicians. Minister Chen Zhu pointed out that for reforms to establish a system of general practitioners a priority is to promote the reform of medical education, and speed up the high-quality medical and health personnel training. If it is possible to train a large number of qualified GPs, primary health care teams can establish a GPs at the centre of care, and this will enable the effective prevention and control of major diseases, and raise the level of people's health and achieve reasonable control of  medical expenses.
  For standardisation of GP training system to be implemented, Chen Zhu proposed a four -point proposal:
1. To focus on the overall planning, development of a practical phased training plan;
2 Establishing the GP management system and business incentives;
3. Selection and construction of qualified general practitioner training base, focusing on the general medicine faculty training;
4. Emphasis on the culture of quality control to ensure that the standards of qualified general practitioner training.
Minister Chen Zhu pointed out that the current system of training general practitioners in China has made ​​it clear "a model for the two paths, three unified, four channels of top-level design. This is a model that will gradually standardise training GPs in a "5 +3 "mode: five years  clinical medicine undergraduate education, then three years as a GP internship. There will be "two paths" that "standardized training after graduation" and "clinical professional degree education" to gradually transition to graduation.
Uniformity in training will be achieved after standardization via "three unities": unified GP standardized training methods and content, the unified GP practice access conditions, and unified general medical degree award criteria.
There will be "four channels" that the transition to GP practice in four main ways, including vigorous grassroots on-the-job medical training and retraining, enhanced skills training, targeting of training GPs to enhance grassroots educational levels in the postgraduate doctors, to encourage large hospital doctors to offer basic services.

Read more: China General Practice

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