Friday, 23 November 2012

Clinical news in brief ....

Chinese herbalists at high risk of bladder cancer

Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine who handle the toxic herb fangchi are at high risk of bladder cancers, a study has shown. Fangchi contains aristolochic acid which is known to cause urothelial carcinoma. Fangchi is commonly used in the Chinese herbal medicine industry and a study of 6,564 Chinese herbalists found that processing, selling or dispensing herbs containing fangchi significantly increased their risk of urothelial carcinoma  by more than a factor of two.
"Exposure to the Chinese herbal drug fangchi increases the risk of urothelial carcinoma in herbalists. Appropriate medical monitoring is warranted for workers who have similar exposure," say researchers.
Read more: Journal of Urology

Bone loss factors in Chinese postmenopausal women

With advancing age, lean mass begins to decrease in women aged over 65 years, but fat mass levels show no significant difference between the age groups. Both fat mass and lean mass positively correlate with bone mineral density decreasing rates. Fat mass is the most significant determinant of bone loss at the lumbar spine, whereas lean mass is the most significant determinant of bone loss at the femoral neck and total hip.
Read more: Endocrine Journal

50% of rural women have reproductive tract infections

A study of 1500 women aged 30 to 59 years old in Shanxi Province found that 54% had reproductive tract infections such as cervicitis, trichomonas vaginitis, and bacterial
vaginitis. The study also showed that 14% had suspicious benign breast disease , 1.4% had cervical precancerous lesions and 0.2% had suspicious breast cancers. All the women expressed interesting taking part in a low cost program of combined screening for  cervical cancer, breast cancer and
reproductive tract infections (RTIs).
Read more: Asia Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Mercury causes birth defects in Chinese infants

High levels of mercury found in some pregnant Chinese women increase their risk of having a baby with neural tube defects, a study from has shown. Researchers from the Institute of Reproductive and Child Health/Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, Peking University found that the risk of neural tube defects was up to 18 times higher for babies who had in utero exposure to higher levels of mercury.
Read more: Reproductive Toxicology

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